Why the Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinance?
San Francisco has a Household Hazardous Waste program to provide residents with convenient options to dispose of household hazardous waste and other problem materials that do not belong in the three-cart collection system.
The program includes:
- A permanent household hazardous waste drop-off facility
- A by-appointment home collection service
- Curbside collection of household batteries
- Over 150 retail partner drop-off sites for used needles and certain lower hazard waste products from households
One problem waste that has lacked a good solution is home-generated medicines. In 2010, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors first considered a local ordinance that would require medicine producers to take responsibility for the end-of-life management of their products using an extended producer responsibility model.
San Francisco Safe Medicine Disposal Pilot Program
In 2010, the pharmaceutical industry challenged the City to prove that residents would separate their medicines and that pharmacies would be willing to take post-consumer medicines back for destruction. The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers Association (PhRMA) contributed a total of $225,000 and Genentech contributed $10,000 to help the Department of the Environment design and implement a Pilot Program. The Pilot Program (PDF) launched in April 2012 and established collection bins for non-controlled substances at 12 independent San Francisco pharmacies and one community center. All 10 San Francisco police stations accept both controlled and non-controlled substances, which the SFPD handles according to their standard procedures for evidence.
Safe Drug Disposal Information Ordinance
In 2011, San Francisco’s Board of Supervisors passed a separate ordinance called the Safe Drug Disposal Information Ordinance (PDF). This ordinance supports the goals of the Pilot Program by requiring all San Francisco pharmacies not participating in the Pilot Program to advertise the 13 locations that are participating. This ordinance remains in effect and will continue to apply to San Francisco pharmacies in parallel with the Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinance.
Medicine Waste Characterization Study
The 2013 Medicine Waste Characterization Study (PDF) evaluated the types of medicines disposed of through the San Francisco Safe Medicine Disposal Pilot Program during its first year of operation. The Teleosis Institute analyzed and described in detail a sample of medicine aggregated from all 23 take-back locations.
The Department of the Environment coordinated five stakeholder meetings between 2010 and 2014. The topics ranged from Pilot Program design to the results of the Medicine Waste Characterization Study.
An additional stakeholder meeting was organized by Supervisor London Breed’s office in January 2015 to discuss the draft Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinance introduced in October 2014.
Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinance, Ordinance #31-15
In October 2014, following the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals decision in PhRMA, et al. v. Alameda County, then President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, David Chiu, introduced the Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinance (PDF) to require medicine manufacturers to provide a permanent and sustainably funded program for San Francisco residents to dispose of their unwanted medicines. This Ordinance was passed unanimously by the Board of Supervisors in March 2015 and was signed by Mayor Ed Lee on March 26, 2015.
- Ordinance Factsheet (PDF)
Director’s Presentation to Board of Supervisors Committee on Government Audit and Oversight
When the proposed Ordinance was being considered, Director of the Department of the Environment, Debbie Raphael, made a presentation on the history, need, and design of the proposed ordinance at the Government Audit and Oversight Committee’s February 26, 2015 meeting.
Resources from this meeting are below:
- Video of the Director’s Presentation
- Slides from Presentation (PDF)
- Director's Letter of Support for Ordinance (PDF)
- Press Advisory issued by Supervisor Breed (PDF)
Implementation of the Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinance
An EPR webpage was designed for entities that need to comply with the Ordinance and includes information on where the Department of the Environment is in the implementation of the Ordinance.
SFPUC General Manager Order (PDF)
Regulations for Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinanace (PDF)
San Francisco Medicine Waste Characterization Study 2013 (PDF)
Information for Wholesalers, Producers, Retailers, and Repackagers (Safe Drug Disposal Stewardship Ordinance)